Tea Terms

All | B C E F G M N P S T V W
There are currently 29 names in this directory
Baggy
An undesirable taint sometimes found in inferious teas which have been stored in sacks

Bakey
An unpleasant characteristic noticeable in the liquors of teas which are heated to higher temperatures than mandated during processing

Berry Like
Fruity and tart tasting

Biscuity
A strong desirable taste describe as a: Sweet, malted flavor with a velvety body, reminiscent of baked bread, often a character in black teas

Bitter
Intense and boldly appalling flavor, sometimes offensive

Bright
A style and refreshing flavor of tea for the palate

Citrusy
Tangy, tart, citrus fruit such as orange, lemon, grapefruit, or tangerine

Clean
Flavor that is pure, there is an absence of any off-tastes

Creamy
Milky, vanilla-tasting

Earthy
Woodsy, soil-tasting, nature-inspired taste and aroma

Flowery
A floral flavor or scent which is mostly associated with high-grade teas

Grassy
Vegetal, fresh cut lawn taste

Malty
Biscuity with a velvety body, wheat and barley-tasting, often used to describe Assam black teas

Meaty
Hearty, heavy tasting, full, thick texture, often describes high quality Indian black teas

Metallic
Low, unpleasant quality and taste, often found in poor quality green and black teas

Muscatel
A flavor similar to that of grapes, a characteristic found in the liquors of the finest Darjeeling tea

Nutty
Toasted, malty flavors reminiscent of a but such as an almond, hazelnut or walnut

Plain
Having very minimal flavor, mellow, dull, bland, simple

Salty
Mineral like, sour, peppery

Savory
Pleasant, aromatic, bold yet balanced flavors

Smoky
Burnt tasting, reminiscent of ash and fire

Sour
Tart, acidic, citrusy

Spicy
Flavorful with a bite, fiery, peppery, tangy

Sweet
Often fruity, sometimes creamy, having candy-like characteristics

Tarry
A tea which has a smoky aroma

Tart
Sour, tangy, astringent

Vanilla
Creamy, sweet, milky

Vegetal
Often a great tea characteristic, grassy, vegetable-tasting, reminiscent of a freshly cut lawn

Winey
Vinegary, grape tasting, sour, astringent
Flavour

Baggy

Bakey

Berry Like

Biscuity

Bitter

Bright

Citrusy

Clean

Creamy

Earthy

Flowery

Grassy

Malty

Meaty

Metallic

Muscatel

Nutty

Plain

Salty

Smoky

Vanilla

Vegetal

Winey

Sour

Tart

Spicy

Sweet

Savoury

Tarry

An undesirable taint sometimes found in inferiours teas which have been

stored in sacks

An unpleasant characteristic noticeable in the liquors of teas which are heated to higher temperatures than mandated during processing

Fruity and tart tasting

A strong desirable taste describe as a: Sweet, malted flavour with a velvety body, reminiscent of baked bread, often a character in black teas

Intense and boldly appalling flavour, sometimes offensive

A style and refreshing flavour of tea for the palate

Tangy, tart, citrus fruit such as orange, lemon, grapefruit, or tangerine

A flavour that is pure, there is an absence of any off-tastes

Milky, vanilla-tasting

Woodsy, soil-testing, nature-inspired taste and aroma

A floral flavour or scent which is mostly associated with high-grade teas

Vegetal, fresh cut lawn taste

Biscuity with a velvety body, wheat and barley-tasting, often used to describe Assam black teas

Hearty, heavy tasting, full, thick texture, often describes high quality Indian black teas

Low, unpleasant quality and taste, often found in poor quality green and black teas

A flavour similar to that of grapes, a characteristic found in the liquors of the finest Darjeeling tea

Toasted, malty flavours reminiscent of a but such as an almond, hazelnut or walnut

Having very minimal flavour, mellow, dull, bland, simple

Mineral-like, sour, peppery

Burnt tasting, reminiscent of ash and fire

Creamy, sweet, milky

Often a great tea characteristic, grassy, vegetable-tasting, reminiscent of a freshly cut lawn

Vinegary, grape tasting, sour, astringent

Tart, acidic, citrusy

Sour, tangy, astringent

Flavorful with a bite, fiery, peppery, tangy

Often fruity, sometimes creamy, having candy-like characteristics

Pleasant, aromatic, bold yet balanced flavours

A tea which has a smokey aroma

Body / Finish

Acidic

Aroma

Astringent

Autumnal

Balanced

Body

Character

Clean

Cloudy

Complex

Crisp

Delicate

Dull

Finish

Flat

Hard

Heavy

Hungry

Intense

Muddy

Point; pointy

Pungent

Rich

Sappy

Sour, tart, vinegary odour of the tea. A complex aroma is often described as a bouquet

Bold, pungent sensation that lingers on the tongue and sides of the mouth caused by tannins

The Liquor from teas grown in cool Autumn weather

Well-rounded, tasting equal portions of flavours

Texture of the tea on the palate during tasting, which is largely determined by tannins and amino acids within the tea

Smell, taste and presentation of the tea

Crisp, fresh, pure flavour notes

Result when the tea is prepared iced, also known as condensation. When the ice hits the hot tea, the ices or solid slowly turns into liquid and forms cloudiness in the tea

Having multi-dimensional flavours that unfold layer by layer; complicated

Clean, fresh, sharp

Soft, subtle, lightly flavoured

Uninspiring, mellow, lack of character

Lasting impression on your tongue after swallowing

Plain, dull, mellow, without higher or lower notes in tastes

Aggressive, bold, sharp, higher in mineral content

A tea which is brisk and overly strong

Describes the liquor of a tea which is lacking in cup quality

Strong, bold concentration of flavour and aroma

Having a dull or lifeless liquor

A most desirable brisk pungent characteristic

Describes a tea liquor having marked briskness and an astringent effect on the palate without bitterness

A mellow liquor which is abounding in quality and thickness

a tea liquor which has a full juicy flavour

Tea Types

Assam

Bancha

Black tea

Blend

Ceylon Tea

Chai

China Oolong

Darjeeling

Dooar

English Breakfast

Formosa

Green Tea

Gunpowder

Gyokuro

Hyson, Young Hys

I-Chiban Cha

Imperial tea

Instant tea

Jasmine

Keemun

Lapsang Souchong

Oolong

Pingsuey

Pouchong

PU-Er / PU-Erh

Red Tea

Rooibos (Red Tea)

Russian Carava

Scented tea

Sencha

Silver Tip Pekoe

Silvery oolong

Sumatra

White tea

A black tea grown and sourced in Assam in Northeastern India. The tea is a full-bodied one, characteristic by a rich, strong flavor.A Japanese tea made from coarse leaves, which is popularly consumed, but not top notch quality

One of the major tea types and the most popular and common tea in the world. These teas are the most processed of all teas.

A mixture of two or more teas from different origins to achieve a certain type of flavour which is unique

Teas that are cultivated in Sri Lanka

Chai – the Hindi word for tea. The terms chai means a mix of spices steeped into a tea-like beverage. Often the spices are mixed with black tea but rooibos is also being used. Cahi is typically sweetened and served with milk

Large leaf tea from China that is partially oxidised

Superior teas grown in the Darjeeling region of India

A tea grown in the Dooar district located in Central India

Traditionally a blend of China Keemuns which has now evolved to include Indian and Ceylon teas

Tea grown on the island of Taiwan

Tea that resembles the original green leaf due to its minimal processing. This tea is not oxidised

A type of Green tea which is rolled into pellets

A prized Japanese green tea which is rich to the taste and pleasing to the eye. The tea undergoes special handling at every stage of its growth (shaded) and processing (hand fired)

A Chinese green tea named for the East India Merchant who first sold it in England. Young Hyson is generally preferred to Hyson

A Japanese term referring to the first flush or first plucking of tea. It is generally a very delicate tasting tea

A rolled green tea from Ceylon, China or India made from older leaves. It has a good aroma and is refreshing

Developed in the 1930’s and commercialized in the 50’s, instant tea sacrifices nuances in fragrance and flavour for convenience

The Chinese use Green Tea as the base to which Jasmine flowers are used to scent the tea. The finest Chinese Jasmine is called Yin Hao and Chun Hao. Formosa Jasmines use Pouchong tea as a base. Pouchong is allowed to wither for a longer period of time (than Green) before it is fired which places it between Green and Oolong

A fine grade of Black tea from China. It is dark amber colour and a unique sappy liquor

A fine grade of China Black tea with a distinctive smoky flavour which results from a unique drying process. Tea drinkers either love or hate the taste of this unusual tea

Partially fermented withered and oxidized tea, originally native to China

In Chinese, the term means ice water. A Black Tea from the Hangchow district of Zhejiang Province. An excellent mild tasting tea

Some of the finest quality and high priced teas. A very fragrant tea which is also used as a base for making Jasmine Tea

Technically classified not as black but dark black tea, the best of which is aged for decades before use. The base may be green tea or black, and its tastes and aromas can range from earthy to elegant. In China, it has been customarily drunk with or after meals as a digestif

“Red Tea” was used by Chinese tea merchants as their name for what the rest of the world would call Black Tea. Today, the term is still used in China, but much less commonly.

South African Herbal plant called Rooibos or Red Bush from which a herbal tea is made. These two types of red tea are often confused.

A blend of China Black Teas. Although there is little consistency between available blends in the marketplace.

Teas which are infused with aroma and taste of various flowers or spices

A green tea from Japan that has been steamed, rolled into a needle-like shape and dried.

A very costly tea from China made from full-grown buds of a special tea bush. This is also referred to as White Tea

Another costly tea which utilizes the delicate whitish leaf from the first flush

Tea grown on the island of Sumatra. Gradings and characteristics are similar to Java teas.

The name of ‘white tea’ refers to the silver-coloured (white) hairs on the picked tea bud. White tea is the least processed of all teas. It isn’t rolled first but is immediately fired

General

Caffeine

Dust

Estate

Fannings

Golden Tip

Grainy

Lot

Tea chest

Organoleptic

Tannin

Tea

Tisane

A component of tea which stimulates the nervous system. A term which is used to describe the smallest particles of the tea leaf. They resemble dust

A plantation or garden where tea is grown

A very small size of the leaf, although larger than dust

Small unopened leaves of the tea plant. When a tea has many tips it is called “tippy”

Well made fannings and dust

Describes all of the teas offered under a single mark or serial number at any tea auction.

A traditional way of packing bulk teas. Usually made of wood with an aluminium lining

The process used by most tea tasters to evaluate the quality of a tea using all the senses.

The chemical component of tea thought to be responsible for its presumed health benefits. One of the major components which contributes to the taste and pungency of tea.

The leaf and extracted liquor of the shrub Camellia sinensis. No other beverages merit the unqualified term tea.

A term which describes a herbal infusion

Tea processing

Crush Tear Curl (CTC)

Pan-fired

Pekoe Flush

Teas which are sent through rollers which tear and break the leaf after it has been withered. Teas processed like this are typically stronger and have shorter steep times. A Japanese tea which is steamed and then rolled in iron pans to halt further oxidation

The new growth on a tea plant consisting of a full complement of leaves, it takes about 40 days for a new bud to blossom into flush